Category: Advance on Germany

Invasion of Southern France

Even as Allied troops swept victoriously across Normandy, another Allied force staged a second amphibious invasion on August 15, this time on the south coast of France between Cannes and Toulon. This was the long-postponed Operation Anvil (also known as Operation Dragoon). Though Eisenhower in the spring of 1944 had recommended that this invasion not […]

Pursuit Toward the German Frontier

In the meantime, the main Allied armies in the north, having captured Paris and jumped the Seine on August 25, continued to pursue the Germans across northern France and Belgium toward the German border. In pre-invasion planning, General Eisenhower had decided to advance against Germany on a broad front. He planned to make his main […]

German Reorganization and Allied Supply Problems

As patrols of the First Army crossed the German frontier and the troops from the invasion of southern France linked with those of Overlord, an early end to the war appeared not only possible but probable. The ragged columns falling back to the ‘German border seemed thoroughly beaten, and on the eastern front Soviet armies, […]

Operations in the Netherlands and on the Franco German Border

In the light of the supply problems, Eisenhower’s continued determination to proceed into Germany on a broad front seemed to two of his subordinates a mistake. Montgomery insisted vehemently that Eisenhower should concentrate all his resources behind one part of the front, preferably in the north, and make one sustained drive all the way to […]

Drive to the Elbe

The unqualified success in the north was the signal for all Allied armies to begin the victory sweep through Germany. While approving a plan for the Ninth and First armies to encircle the Ruhr, with the former remaining under Montgomery’s command, General Eisenhower directed that as soon as the Ruhr was secured, the Ninth Army […]

End of Hitler

The precise time when Hitler realized that the end was near is hard to place, but by mid-April it was clearly apparent to him that Allied and Soviet armies soon would split Germany in two. Reserving for himself the right to command in whichever part of Germany he happened to find himself when the split […]

German Surrender

The possibility of large scale but piecemeal surrender had been growing since mid-April, but because the Russians were suspicious lest the Germans make peace with the Allies while continuing to fight the Soviet armies, the Allies rejected most overtures. As early as April 23, Heinrich Himmler, head of the Waif en-SS, an elite ancillary force […]

WW2 Accomplishments and Cost

As hostilities came to an end, the German war machine and the German nation were crushed to a degree never before experienced in modern times. With the prior surrender of Army Groups B, G, and H and with the steamroller advance of the Soviet armies, no organized military units remained at the time of the […]

Landing in Normandy

On May 8, General Eisenhower designated D-day as June 5, but because of bad weather he decided on June 4 to postpone the invasion to June 6. Though the weather remained poor, further delay would have necessitated waiting until June 19, when tidal conditions and the light of the moon would again have been propitious. […]

Battle of the Hedgerows

Despite Allied success in getting ashore in Normandy, the lodgment secured by the beginning of July was much smaller than had been anticipated. Because the British seemed stalled before Caen, Bradley’s First Army initiated on July 3 the offensive that became known as the battle of the hedgerows. The hedgerows are walls, half earth and […]

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